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  1. #1
    : Rahal
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    ...













    :



    Subject ..

    Verb ..

    Object ..




    :


    They study mathematics,,,,,,,



    They ......Subject

    study....Verb


    mathematics...Object




    Subject ..

    Verb ..

    Object ..





    :


    Study they mathematics



    ..

    .

    Rahal
       


  2. #2
    : Abdelazim
    : Jul 2008
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    : Khobar, KSA
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    ߿
    Nile Course ǿ

    .
    .

    Abdelazim

    Abdelazim :

       


  3. #3
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    : Jul 2008
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    : ksa /dammam
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  4. #4
    : Musa
    : Jul 2008
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    Musa

    Musa :

       


  5. #5
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    ,


       


  6. #6
    : Rahal
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    Pronouns
    (pronoun)


    ..( Noun
    Noun phrase )


    Nawal eats apple




    She eats apple







    : Demostrative pronouns


    :

    (this/that/these/those/such)



    That is incredible
    I will never forget this
    Such is my belief



    : Personal pronouns


    :

    :
    Subject personal pronouns

    I, you ,he , she , it , we
    I , he , she , it
    We
    You



    She took the bus last night
    He is aschool boy
    We are Muslims
    I stayed at home
    You need another blanket



    :
    Object personal pronouns


    Me ,you , him , her ,it , us



    John took it
    Umar gave me abook
    We sent you a letter
    He adores her.
    I saw it with my own eyes
    They have just invited us to their wedding
    We went with him


    : Possesive pronouns


    :
    Mine , yours ,his , hers , ours , yours , theirs



    This book is mine

    This pencil case is yours

    Mary is a relative of his

    I've found hers

    Ours need watering

    Yours are bigger than mine

    These are your notebooks and those are theirs



    : Reflexisive pronouns


    Self selves :
    my, your, our, him, her, it, them

    myself

    yourself

    himself

    herself

    itself

    ourselves

    yourselves

    themselves



    She made this skirt herself
    The queen herself was among the demostrators
    The mayor himself spoke for the abolition of the dealth penalty


    : Interrogative pronouns


    Wh
    :
    what, which, who, whom, and whose

    / Examples

    What did you say

    Who said that?

    Which do you prefer?

    ...

    : Negative pronouns



    no-one, nobody, neither, none and nothing


    Nobody is here
    She is neither a British nor American



    : Reciprocal pronouns


    :
    each other / one another
    :

    They write to each other / one another once a month
    ..


    : Relative pronouns


    :
    (who/whoever/which/that)



    The student who studies hardest usually does the best




    : Quantifier


    :
    some, any, something, much, many, little, few , a lot



    I have few litrary books

    They like orange so much

    Rahal
       


  7. #7
    : Rahal
    : Oct 2008
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    . . .

    Rahal
       


  8. #8
    : Rahal
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    musa




    . . . .

    Rahal
       


  9. #9
    : Rahal
    : Oct 2008
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    ,




    . . .

    Rahal
       


  10. #10
    : Rahal
    : Oct 2008
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    Nouns


    ( )

    What is anoun
    : (person) (a thing)
    ( aplace ) (an animal ) ( an idea )
    ( Noun )
    A/ an/ the
    (Noun)


    (Nouns)
    dog, cats, women, Sally, justice, strength, departure
    apples, England, Califonia, Steve Young, mice
    school, beach, kindness, food





    Samar and Nora made a cake


    ( + )

    The moon is far away from the earth


    ( )

    His kindness was appreciated


    ( )

    The plane will depart in twenty minutes


    ( )


    ()
    Concrete & abstract nouns

    (concrete N)



    Examples /

    honey --

    pillows --

    fish --

    juice --


    ........

    ( ) Abstract N

    :


    Examples /

    Thought --

    Wisdom --

    Freedom --

    Creativity --



    I could smell dinner cooking
    (Concrete N )

    I don't have much knowledge on the subject, Professor

    (abstract N)


    Proper & common Nouns

    :
    Proper N


    .


    ( )


    Examples/

    Nawal

    Ramadan

    Friday

    Chrestianity

    Islam

    First World War




    I will go with Sara tomorrow


    :
    Common Noun


    .


    Examples/

    This woman is my sister


    This is my teacher



    Plural & singular forms


    S es



    Friend


    Friends
    S
    :
    X , O , S , Sh , Ch , Z
    Es

    :

    Box -- Boxes

    Wash -- washes

    Buzz -- buzzes

    Class -- classes



    S/es


    Man -- men
    Child -- children
    Mouse -- mice
    Foot --feet
    Goose -- geese
    Tooth -- teeth
    Ox -- oxen
    Woman -- women
    louse -- lice
    Y


    I , o , u , e , a


    Y

    I

    :
    One country -- three countries

    Y


    S



    Toy-- toys


    F / fe
    Ves

    Leaf -- leaves

    Rahal
       


  11. #11
    :
    : Jul 2008
    : 24
    : Rosires Dam
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    : Engineer
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    thank you
       


  12. #12
    : Rahal
    : Oct 2008
    : 174
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    Verbs




    What Is A Verb

    : .



    Subject + Verb+ Object



    Samar reads a book












    1- (a verb)




    I come from Canada



    (come)

    2- ( Compound Verb )




    It will snow tomorrow



    (will snow)

    Will snow



    Present simple

    past simple

    Future


    Regular verbs & Irregular Verbs







    We talk to our father

    ( ) ( talk)


    ed

    We talked to our father



    Talk--- talked


    ed




    They go to school



    Go ed



    They went to school




    Go --- went

    ed Go

    Rahal
       


  13. #13
    : Rahal
    : Oct 2008
    : 174
    : State of Qatar
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    Present simple



    What do we mean by Present simple

    ؿ



    Present simple
    present continous

    How to form present simple
    Present simple


    : Subject + verb (s) +object

    (s)
    : (s)
    1- :
    He , She , It
    (s)
    (s)

    / Examples

    He sings in his room


    She eats the apple


    It snows in Alaska


    (s)

    He , She , it


    We , they , I , you
    (s)

    2- :
    (s)

    /Examples

    Naser sings in his room



    Samar eats the apple



    The Internet stops suddenly




    : Subject + verb +object

    ( s)


    *

    / Examples

    I , you , they ,we

    They watch the T.V every day


    We watch the T.V every day


    You watch the T.V every day


    I watch the T.V every day


    (s)
    They watches the T.V every day
    (s) They
    He , She ,it



    Is , am , are

    (is)
    (She , He , it )

    Is >>>>singular

    / Examples

    She is a muslim


    He is a muslim


    It is a nice book


    Huda is a muslim ****


    Are (They ,we , you)


    Are>>>>>plural

    / Examples

    They are Muslims


    We are Muslims


    You are Muslim


    Am I

    / Examples

    I am from Saudia Arabia


    I is are

    (Helping verb)



    ؿ
    When to use the present simple

    /

    .(Actions which happen regularly (every day, every week, etc

    /Examples

    They go to school every day



    She takes ashower every Friday



    / ( , ...)

    /Examples

    The sun rises from the east



    The earth goes round the sun



    /


    /Examples
    Nurses look after patients in hospitals


    * Do / Does

    do
    I , you , they ,we

    does
    He , she ,it

    not Do / Does

    Do / Does+ not

    /Examples

    I do not like rice


    She does not like rice


    ؿ
    How to form questions in present simple



    /Examples

    She is amuslim




    V+Subject+the rest of the sentence + ?


    Is she amuslim






    They watch the T.V every day
    :
    Do they watch the T.V every day


    *
    Always, usually, often

    Rahal
       


  14. #14
    :
    : Jul 2008
    : 24
    : Rosires Dam
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  15. #15
    : Rahal
    : Oct 2008
    : 174
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    . . .

    Rahal
       


  16. #16
    : Rahal
    : Oct 2008
    : 174
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    Present Continuous






    ѿ
    What do we mean by the term Present Continuous

    ( )
    **




    ѿ
    When to use the Present Continuous:
    :-







    Now

    / Examples


    Fahad and Mohammad are playing football now




    (( ))



    :




    / Examples


    Ahmad is working for an oil company



    (( ))


    (())



    Sara is studying music in New York




    (( ))


    (( ))



    :




    / Examples


    We are buying anew car as soon as the new models come out



    (( ))



    As soon as


    The new student is arriving next week



    (( ))



    Next week


    :

    always

    /Example

    My young son always is learning new things







    /Example

    Wake up ! you are always sleeping





    :

    / Examples

    I am taking six course this semester





    She is writing another book this year






    ѿ
    How to form The present Continuous



    (ing)

    (is-am- are)




    I + am + V - ing

    I am ( I am)
    (ing)

    /Example

    I am reading a nice story now





    she-he-it) + is + V- ing)

    She-he -it
    is (ing)

    / Examples


    She is trying to improve his work



    It is raining






    we-you-they)+ are+ V -ing)

    we-you-they
    are (ing)

    / Examples


    They are sleeping now



    You are singing beautifully



    / (())!!!






    /
    Mental state

    (know-realize-understand-recognize-believe-feel-suppose-think-imagine-doubt-remember-forget-want-need-prefer-mean)




    He is knowing


    He knows

    /
    Emotinal state

    (love-like-appreciate-hate-dislike-fear-envy-mind -care)

    /

    Possesion(posses-have-own-belong)


    /
    Sense perception

    (taste-smell-hear-feel-see)

    /

    (seem-look-appear-cost-owe-weigh-be-exist-consist of- contain-include)



    ɿ
    How to form the negative


    not



    They are sleeping now

    not

    Is-am-are



    They are not sleeping now



    ѿ
    How to form Questions in Present Continous






    They are sleeping now



    Are they sleeping now

    Rahal
       


  17. #17
    : Rahal
    : Oct 2008
    : 174
    : State of Qatar
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    The Present Perfect tense


    :
    (What do we mean by the term(Present Perfect
    ( _ -.......)



    * .
    *


    ( )

    ( )




    Samar: Read this book , it is very nice
    Nora: I have read it already








    How to form the present perfect tense?


    Have / has
    Past participle


    Has / have + Past participle



    has

    She-he-it has



    (Subject+has+ V (past participle


    She-he-it has


    / Examples

    She has learned French already



    He has lost his keys


    have

    I-you-we-they have



    (Subject+have+ V (past participle


    I-you-we-they
    have


    / Examples

    I have met many people since I came here in june


    We have been here for two weeks



    They have studied the lesson very good




    When to use the Present Perfect tense?

    :
    ()
    since



    I have met many people since I came here in June





    He has spoken English since he was achild



    ( ) ( )


    :
    ( )
    for



    He has studied English for along time




    ( )



    They have been here for several years



    ( )




    :
    ( )



    He has played football from time to time





    He has appeared on television Occasionally




    :




    He has just left


    She has worked very hard this week

    Rahal
       


  18. #18
    : Rahal
    : Oct 2008
    : 174
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    Since for


    Since


    I have met many people since I came here in June



    For

    He has studied English for along time





    How to make questions?





    They have studied the lesson very well

    X



    ?Have they studied the lesson very well

    have they ...



    The negative

    not never

    have / has



    They have studied the lesson very well



    They have not studied the lesson very well



    already




    She has already gone


    Just


    -



    ?Do you like something to eat
    No I have just had lunch

    Yet








    I have written the letter but I havent posted it yet




    ?Has it stopped raining yet


    :



    This is the first time I have driven a car






    Have you ever+V past participle




    ?Have you ever eaten caviar
    ?

    ?Have you ever read Hamlet

    ?

    Rahal
       


  19. #19
    : Rahal
    : Oct 2008
    : 174
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    make and do
    Do or Make Explained
    An explanation
    The two verbs 'do' and 'make' are often confused. The meanings are similar, but there are differences.
    'Do' for Activities
    Use the verb 'do' to express daily activities or jobs. Notice that these are usually activities that produce physical object.
    do homework
    do housework
    do the ironing
    do the dishes
    do a job
    'Do' for General Ideas
    Use the verb 'do' when speaking about things in general. In other words, when we do not exactly name an activity. This form is often used with the words 'something, nothing, anything, everything, etc.'
    I'm not doing anything today.
    He does everything for his mother.
    She's doing nothing at the moment.
    Important Expressions with 'Do'
    There are a number of standard expressions that take the verb 'do'.
    Do one's best
    do good
    do harm
    do a favour
    do business

    **************************
    'Make' for Constructing, Building, Creating
    Use 'make' to express an activity that creates something that you can touch.
    Make food
    make a cup of tea / coffee
    make a mess
    Important Expressions with 'Make'
    There are a number of standard expressions that take the verb 'make'. In a number of cases the verb 'do' seems more appropriate. These are standard collocations (verb + noun combinations) that are used in English.
    Make plans
    make an exception
    make arrangements
    make a telephone call
    make a decision
    make a mistake
    make noise
    make money
    make an excuse
    make an effort

    Rahal
       


  20. #20
    :
    : Mar 2009
    : 697
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    Keep up ....I am follow you to improve my english

    thank you :7_2_207:

    :

         


    • #21
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      : Jul 2008
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      ....
      thank you
         


    • #22
      : Rahal
      : Oct 2008
      : 174
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      ....
      thank you


      Adil am happy you are here

      Rahal
         


    • #23
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      : Nov 2009
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      I want to ask about the difference between gerund and participle
      thank you

      :

           


      • #24
        : Rahal
        : Oct 2008
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        I want to ask about the difference between gerund and participle
        thank you
        Thank`s Manal

        first gerund: is a noun ending in - ing,that has been made from a verb,example in a sentence ` his hobby is collecting stamps;collecting is a gerund.



        Participle also is a noun; a word that is formed from a verb and that ends in - ing (present participle ) or ends in - ed,en (past participle ).Participle are used to form tenses of the verb,or as adjectives;hurrying and hurried are the present and past participle of `hurry


        Rahal
           


      • #25
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        : Oct 2009
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      •